Civil work is work that involves the design, construction and maintenance of public building structures and infrastructure like roads, bridges, dams, water and sewerage systems, harbours, power plants, railways, airports, etc. It is performed by civil engineering companies that house civil engineers with different specialisations. These civil engineering companies have to apply for civil work by filling application forms and paying the required fees to the local council.
Almost all civil projects require geotechnical, structural and construction engineers. Geotechnical engineers usually analyse the soil and rocks beneath a structure to ensure that the structure or infrastructure is constructed in a way that matches or cannot be affected negatively by the properties of soil and rock particles beneath. This involves consideration of natural phenomena as well, for example, earthquakes and floods.
Structural engineers are usually tasked with ensuring that a structure remains stable. This means they have to make a lot of calculations and use computerised equipment, programs and software to achieve this. They also have to be present on the construction site for supervision and guidance purposes.
Construction engineers usually organise and schedule the different construction tasks to ensure they follow a particular order, which ensures coordination, organisation and successful project completion. This includes things like the designation of who does a particular task at that time, the procurement of resources, and the facilitation of safe working conditions. Simply put, construction engineers help in project management.
Most civil engineering companies you come across might specialise in multiple civil construction projects (roads, railways, tunnels, bridges, etc.). You need to verify this because some companies may only have specialisation in roads and railways but not other projects, such as bridges, tunnels, sewer systems, etc.
Tips When Choosing an Engineering Company for Civil Work
Of course, a company that specialises in, for example, roads and rail only cannot apply and consider to be chosen for civil work related to sewer systems. However, if there is a civil work project that only requires rail and road engineers, an engineering company specialising in only road and rail should be your first choice over an engineering company offering multiple specialisations. Why?
It shows that the company specialising in rail and road only has a lot of experience in rail and road because that is where all its focus lies. However, before making your decision, find out how many road and rail civil work projects the engineering company specialising in multiple projects has completed in the past. If the number is higher than the company specialising only in road and rail civil projects, consider the company specialising in multiple projects.